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Key Stage 2
WOODLAND

BACKGROUND

The history of wood

1000BC Celts cleared the forests to grow crops. Used the wood to build houses and fences.  
55BC Romans started industries, (making iron, glass, bricks, and firing pottery), obtained charcoal from wood. Built houses and garrisons.  
AD Christ born.  
425AD Anglo-Saxons used coppice woods for building, cooking and baking pots. Cleared a great deal of natural forest to grow crops.  
800AD Vikings followed suit.  
1066AD Domesday Book records two-thirds of natural forest already cleared.  
1100AD During Middle Ages wood used for building homes, shelters and fencing for pasture. Also used for cooking and heating. Carts, boats and churches too.  
1485AD Tudor times used a great deal of wood, especially Henry VIII for fighting ships. Shortage began.   1890s Government realises coverage of woodland alarmingly low. Trees planted to solve the problem.
1600s Shortages greater. Land owners began to plant trees.   1919 Forestry Commission set up to build up Britain's flagging reserves and to conserve woodland wherever possible.
1800s

Demand fell. Coal found to be a better fuel.

  1992-2004 Dan-yr-Ogof plants 80,000 broadleaf trees to replace lost woodland in this area.