Key Stage 2
The history of wood
|1000BC||Celts cleared the forests to grow crops. Used the wood to build houses and fences.|
|55BC||Romans started industries, (making iron, glass, bricks, and firing pottery), obtained charcoal from wood. Built houses and garrisons.|
|425AD||Anglo-Saxons used coppice woods for building, cooking and baking pots. Cleared a great deal of natural forest to grow crops.|
|800AD||Vikings followed suit.|
|1066AD||Domesday Book records two-thirds of natural forest already cleared.|
|1100AD||During Middle Ages wood used for building homes, shelters and fencing for pasture. Also used for cooking and heating. Carts, boats and churches too.|
|1485AD||Tudor times used a great deal of wood, especially Henry VIII for fighting ships. Shortage began.||1890s||Government realises coverage of woodland alarmingly low. Trees planted to solve the problem.|
|1600s||Shortages greater. Land owners began to plant trees.||1919||Forestry Commission set up to build up Britain's flagging reserves and to conserve woodland wherever possible.|
Demand fell. Coal found to be a better fuel.
|1992-2004||Dan-yr-Ogof plants 80,000 broadleaf trees to replace lost woodland in this area.