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Key Stage 2

STONE CIRCLES

Stone Circles have been linked with pagan festivals, ceremonies and religious processions. It is thought that the winter solstice (shortest day of the year) and the summer solstice (longest day of the year), when the sun aligned with certain stones, were seen as very important spiritual times, or maybe as an aid to the farming calendar.

Standing Stones may have been used as a guide for land and sea travellers as they could be seen from great distances, or possibly to plot the seasons by using measurements of their shadows. They could also have been the monuments to long dead kings or warriors.



Burial Chambers or dolmens were used to bury the dead. They were often covered with earth, but over time, the soil has been eroded. The dead would have been buried with items including stone axes, arrowheads, pottery, and jewellery such as pendants and beads, possibly because they thought they would need to use them in the next life. The Shaman, or medicine man, of the tribe could have performed ceremonies to bring good omens to crops, livestock and to the people of the clan.